SAARC in Figures 2014

    Afganistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
1 Population and Demography (2010)                
  Description/Country Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Population ('000) 25985.6 153600 (2013) 745 (2014) 1210569 (2011) 331 (2012) 26494.5(2011) 184350(2012-13) 20483(2013)
  Population growth rate (%) 2.03 1.36 (2011) 1.8 (2005) 1.8 (2011) 1.69 (2006) 1.35(2011) 2.0(2012-13) 0.9 (2012)
  Population density 37.5 1021 (2011) 19.4 (2014) 382 (2011) 1053(2010) 180(2011) 231(2012-13) 327(2013)
  Sex ratio 104.7 100.3 (2011) 108.4 (2014)  106.07 (2011) 103 (2006) 94.2(2011) 106.99(2012-13) 94.3(2013)
  Crude Birth Rate (CBR) NA 19.2 (2011) 18.5 (2012)  21.6  (2012) 22 (2010) 24.3(2011) 26.8(2012-13) 17.5 (2012)
  Crude Death Rate (CDR) NA 5.5 (2011) 8.5 (2012) 7.0  (2012) 3 (2010) 8.3(2006) 7(2012-13) 6.0 (2012)
  Total Fertility Rate (TFR)  NA 2.1 (2011) 2.1(2012) 2.4  (2012) 2.1 (2006) 2.6(2006) 3.3(2012-13) 2.3(2006/07)
  Life expectancy at birth, Males (Years) NA 67.9 (2011) 67.3 (2013) 64.6 (2006-10) 73 (2012) 63.6(2006) 64.6(2012-13) 68.8(2001)
  Life expectancy at birth, Females (Years) NA 70.3 (2011) 68.9 (2013) 67.7 (2006-10) 74.8 (2012) 64.5(2006) 66.5(2012-13) 77.2(2001)
                   
2 Urbanization and International Migration (2010) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Urban population (% of total population) 23.3 38.1 (2011) 31.0 (2012) 31.2  (2011) 35(2006) 17.1 (2011) 37.9 (2012-13) 18.3(2012)
  Absentee Population (Abroad) ('000) NA NA NA NA 2681 (2006) 1921.5 (2011) NA NA
  Foreign population ('000) NA 1085 NA NA 79 (2012) 138.9 (2011) NA NA
                   
3 Child and Maternal  Health (2009) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Infant mortality (per 1000 live births) 134 35 (2011) 47 (2010) 42  (2012) 9 (2012) 46(2011) 74 (2013) 9.7(2009)
  Under five mortality (per 1000 live births) 199 44  (2011) 69 (2010) 52  (2012) 11 (2012) 54(2011) 89 (2013) 12.1 (2009)
  Underweight children under five year (%) 39.3 (2004) 45 (2009) 12.7 (2010) 43 (2005-06) 30.4 (2001) 28.8(2011) 81 (2012) 17.3(2012)
  Children under 1 immunized againsat measles (%) 76 89 95 (2012) 74.1 (2009) 99 (2012) 88(2011) 82 95(2012)
  DPT3 immunisation (%) 83 94 97 (2012) 55.3 (2005-06) 99.5 (2012) 91.3(2011) 85 96(2012)
  Maternal Mortlity ratio (per 100000 live births ) 1400 (2008) 209  (2011) 255 (2000) 178 (2012) 13 (2012) 229(2010) 260(2011) 22.3(2009)
  Antenatal care coverage at least four visits NA 21 (2007) 77 (2010) 47.9 (2005-06) 85 50.1(2011) 28 (2007) 93(2007)
  Birth attended by skilled health personnel 24 (2008) 26.5 (2010) 86 (2012) 83.4 (2012) 96 (2012) 36(2011) 53 (2013) 99(2007)
                   
4 Contraceptive and HIV/AIDS Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Contraceptive prevalence rate 15-49 years female 23(2008) 56.5(2011) 65.6 (2010) 56.3 (2005-06) 23.6 (2012) 49.7(2011) 35(2013) 68.4(2006/07)
  HIV prevalence rate NA 0.1  (2009) 0.2 (2012) 0.27 (2011) 0.01 (2010) 0.12 (2013) 0.1  (2009) <0.1(2012)
  Comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (female) NA 16.6 (2009) 17.5 (2010) 17.3 (2005-06) NA 25.8(2011) NA 17.3(2006/07)
  Comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (male) NA 18 (2007) NA 33.0 (2005-06) NA 33.9(2011) NA NA
                   
5 Prevalence of Malaria and Tuberculosis (2009) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Malaria per 100000 population 1375 512.6  (2010) 0.5 (2011) 106 (2012) 0 (2012)  450 40 (2011) 0.6(2012)
  Tuberculosis prevalence rate  per 100000 population 337 79.4  (2010) 1.5 (2011) 249 (2012) 30(2012) 238 (2011) NA NA
  Tuberculosis incidence rate  per 100000 population 189 225 180 (2012) 181 (2012) 39 (2010) 163 230 (2011) 45.2(2010)
  Tuberculosis detection rate under DOTS % 48 43 (2010) 85 (2012) 59 (2011) 45 (2012) 90 (2011) 91(2012-13) 3.0(2010)
                   
6 Health Care and Resources Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Doctors (Physicians) per 10000 population 2 (2009) 4 (2012) 3 (2012) 13.5  (2011) 16 (2010) 4.7 (2011) 9 (2012) 8.6(2013)
  Hospital beds per 10000 population  5 (2009) 6 (2012) 18 (2012) 5.7 (2011) 23 (2009) NA 6 (2012) 36.4 (2013)
  Total health expenditure as % of GDP  7.4 (2009) 0.89 (2009) 4.5 (2012) 1.4 (2012-13) 8 (2009) 1.1 (2011) 0.35(2012) 1.38(2013)
                   
7 Education and Literacy Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Net enrolment rate in primary education (%) 77.2 94.9 (2010) 91.5 (2012) 90.78 (2012-13) 93.6 (2012) 95.3 (2012) 57(2012) 98.4(2012)
  Survival rate to last grade of primary education( %) NA 67.2 (2010) 79 (2013) 78.07 (2012-13) 116(2011) 84.2 (2012) 50(2012) 97.7(2012)
  Literacy rate (6 years and over)( %) NA 55.8  (2011) 63 (2012) 74.0 (2011) 93.8 65.9 (2011) 58(2012) 95.6(2012)
  Adult literacy rate (15 years and over) (%) NA 58.8 (2011) 55.3 (2012) 66.0 (2007-08) 95.8(2006) 60(2006) 55.0 (2011) 91.8(2013)
  Public expenditure on education as percent of GDP NA 2.04  (2012) 4.5 (2012) 3.3 (2012-13) 8.1 3.6 (2010-11) 1.8(2011) 1.8(2012)
                   
8 Employment and Labour Force  Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Labour force participation rate 54.2(2009) 59.3(2010) 64.4 (2012) 55.9 (2011-12) 53.8 (2009) 71.5 (2008) 45.7 (2011) 53.8(2013)
  Unemployment rate 7(2009) 4.5(2010) 2.1 (2012) 2.3 (2011-12) 11.7(2009) 2.1(2008) 6.0(2011) 4.4(2013)
  Employment in agriculture(%) 69.6 (2004) 47.3(2010) 60.2 (2011) 48.9 (2011-12) 4.2(2009) 73.9(2008) 45.1(2011) 29.8(2013)
                   
9 Poverty and Inequality Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Population living below the national poverty line 42 (2007) 31.5 (2010) 12.04 (2012) 21.9  (2011) 15 25.2 (2011) 12.4(2008) 6.5(2012)
  Proportion of population below $ 1.25 (PPP) a day NA 49.6 (2005) <2 (2012) NA 8(2010) 55.1 (2005) 21.4 (2008) 1.4(2012)
  Gini coefficient NA 0.458 (2010) 0.36 (2012) NA 0.37(2010) 32.8 (2011) 0.2752 (2011) 0.48(2012)
  Human development index 2012# 0.374 0.515 (2013) 0.538 0.554 0.688 0.463 0.515 0.715
  HDI rank in 2012# 175 146 (2013) 140 136 104 157 146 92
                   
10 Women and Empowerment Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Female headed household (%) NA 13.3  (2011) 29.3 (2012) 10.9 (2011) 56.1(2009) 25.73 (2011) NA 24.2(2012)
  Women in national Parliament %  27(2010) 19  (2010) 8.3(2014) 11.23 (2014) 7 (2010) 33(2010) 22 (2012) 5.7(2010/11)
                   
11 National Accounts (2010) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  GDP at PPP (USD, million) 34603(2009) 245229 (2010) NA 9388876 (2012-13) 5755 (2012) NA 238239 (2012-13) NA
  GDP per capita at PPP (USD) 1352(2009) 1677(2010) NA 77148 (2012-13) 9332 1457 (2012) 1305 (2012-13) 3280(2013)
  GNI per capita (USD) 330 840 (2012) 2582.4 (2012) 76188 (2012-13) NA 721 (2012) 1368 (2012-13) 3192(2013)
  Growth rate of real GDP 17.3(2009) 6.03 (2013) 4.62 (2012) 4.5 (2012-13) 0.9 (2012) 3.65 (2012) 3.59 (2012-13) 7.3 (2013)
  Private consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 98.2(2009) 75.15 (2012) 45.8 (2012) 57.1 (2012-13) NA 76.41 (2012) 81.05(2012-13) 66.8 (2013)
  Gross domestic capital formation (% of GDP) 17.5(2009) 26.54 (2012) 63.9 (2012) 34.8 (2012-13) NA 42 (2012) 14.22(2012-13) 29.6(2013)
  Export of goods and services (% of GDP) 14.4(2009) 23.17 (2012) 35.4(2012) 24 (2012-13) NA 10.34 (2012) 12.74(2012-13) 22.5(2013)
  Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 44.1(2009) 32.12 (2012) 64.5 (2012) 30.7 (2012-13) NA 38.79 (2012) 18.82(2012-13) 32.0 (2013)
  Gross domestic saving (% of GDP)  12.7(2009) 19.25 (2013) 35.4 (2012) 30.1 (2012-13) NA 9.34 (2012) 9.5(2011) 22.9 (2013)
                   
12 Money, Finance and Prices (2010) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Growth rate of CPI  3.9 10.62 (2012) 8.58 (2013) 10.06 (2013) 6.9 (2012) 9.9 (2012)  7.75 (2013) 6.9(2013)
  Growth rate of food CPI  1 10.47 (2012) 8.63 (2013) 12.1 (2013) 5.23 (2011) 9.6 (2012)  6.64 (2013) 7.9(2013)
  Money supply M2 (% of GDP) 22.6 56.32 (2012) 56.53 (2012) NA 62 (2012) 74 (2012)  38.7 (2013) 40.4 (2013)
  Government revenue as percent of GDP 8.7 (2009) 12.79 (2012) 20.50(2011/12) NA 28.9 (2012) 19.27 (2012)  14.3 (2013) 12.3 (2013)
  Government expenditure as percent of GDP 21.8 (2009) 17.62 (2012) 18.24 (2011/12) NA 43.8(2012) 21.85 (2012)  19.0 (2013) 14.5 (2013)
  Fiscal balance as % of GDP -13.1(2009) -4.83 (2012) 2.23 (2011/12) NA -13 (2012) -1.18 (2012)  -5.9 (2013) -5.9
  Official exchange rate (per USD, annual average) 46.45 78.03 (2013) 53.44 (2012) 53.44 (2012) 15.4 (2012) 87.13 (2012) 96.86 (2013) 129.1 (2013)
                   
13 Globalization (2010) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Trade in goods balance (% of GDP) -58.2 (2009) -6.15  (2012) -19.50 NA -69 (2012) -30.03 (2012)  -6.2 (2013)  -12.9 (2013)
  Trade in services balance (% of GDP) -2.6 (2009) -2.15 (2012) -3.30 14.94 (2012) 68 (2012) 0.49 (2012)  -6.4 (2013) 2.0 (2013)
  Current account balance (% of GDP) -3.9 (2009) 1.71 (2012) -19.17 -4.97 (2012) -27.1 (2012) 3.71 (2012)  -1.0 (2013) -3.8 (2013)
  Workers’ remittances received (USD, million) NA 12843.4 (2012) NA NA NA 4987.74 (2012)  13920 (2013) 6407 (2013)
  Workers’ remittances received (% of GDP) NA 11.06  (2012) NA NA NA 28.29 (2012)  5.9 (2013) 9.5 (2013)
  FDI net inflows (USD, million) 185 (2009) 1136.38 (2011) NA 2323995.7 (2012) 164 104.23 (2012) 1447 (2013) 540 (2013)
  FDI net inflows (% of GDP) 1.5 (2009) 1.02 (2011)  NA 1.3 (2012) 7.9 0.59 (2012) 0.6 (2013) 0.80(2013)
  International reserves (USD, million) 198(2009) 19150.5 (2014) 917 (2012/13) NA 298 (2012) 955.36 (2012) 11058 (2013) 8574 (2013)
  Total external debt (USD, million) 2328(2009) 22095 (2012) 135.56 (2012/13) NA 962.6 (2010) 3549.72 (2012) 57268 (2013) 39741.2 (2013)
  Total external debt (% of GDP) NA 19.04 (2012) 0.14 (2012/13) NA 46.4 20.14 (2012) 24.2 (2013) 59.2 (2013)
                   
14 Tourism (2010) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  International tourists ('000) NA 588 (2012) 43.9 (2012) 6577 (2012) 958(2012) 803 (2012) 914(2011) 1275(2013)
  Income from tourists (USD, million) NA 87.4  (2011) 62.8 (2012) 94487 (2012) 1970.2 369 (2011) 363(2011) 1038(2012)
                   
15 Transport Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Total road networks (KM, '000) 42.2 (2006) 21.46 (2012) 10 (2012) 4685.8 (2012-13) 0.1 (2005) 25.3 (2012) 261.5 (2012) 12.3(2012)
  Total number of vehicles ('000) 780.4 (2008) 387.4 (2008) 67 (2012) 141866 (2012-13) 56 (2012) 1557.5 (2013) 11435 (2012) 4877(2012)
  Total rail networks (KM) NA 2870 (2012) not applicable 64600 (2012) NA 59(2009) 7791(2012) 1459(2013)
                   
16 Environment (2008) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Co2 emissions (million tons) NA 46.4 (2008) NA 1745.1 (2011) 1.034 4 (2009) NA 12.7(2010)
  Consumption of Ozone depleting substances (grams per capita) 1.6 0.87 (2009) NA NA 12 0.88 (2004) NA 0.5(2008)
  Forest area as  % of total land area  2.1(2010) 19.33 (2011) 70.4 (2010) 21.05 (2011) 3.3(2010) 39.6 (2011) 4.26 (2011) 29.7(2013)
                   
                   
17 Communications (2009) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Fixed telephone lines per 100 population 0.4 0.72 (2012)  2.7 (2012) 2.38 (2013) 7  (2012) 3.15(2012) 1.63(2012-13) 13(2013)
  Mobile cellular subscriptions per 100 population 39.2 61.5 (2012) 77.4 (2012) 70.63 (2013) 169.5  (2012) 61.8 (2012) 65.64(2012-13) 99(2013)
  Internet user per 100 population 3.3 17.7 (2012) 21 (2011) 17.38 (2013) 26.5 (2012) 26.1 (2013) 12 9.8(2013)
                   
18 Water and Sanitation (2008) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Access to improved water source percent of population 48 86 (2009) 98.1 (2012) 96.5 (2011) 91 85 (2012) 59 (2011-12) 88.7(2012)
  Access to improved sanitation percent of population 37 63.6 (2011) 71.8 (2012) 55.04 (2012) 98 62 (2012) 72 (2011-12) 95.0(2012)
                   
19 Electricity (2008) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka
  Total electricity generation (billion kWh) NA 35.1 (2012) 6.82371 (2012) 911.7 (2012-13) 0.029 (2012) 4.26 (2013) 87.3 (2011) 11.9(2013)
  Total electricity used (per capital kWh) NA 231.68 (2012) 2572.2 (2012) 879.22 (2011-12) NA 122 (2013) NA 515(2012)
  Household with electrification (%) 25 (2005) 63.6 (2011 91.5 (2012) 67.3 (2011) 99.8 (2009) 67.3 (2013) 91.37(2011) 88.9(2012)
  Household electricity consumption(Kwh per capita)   197.72 (2012) 252.7 (2012) NA   NA NA 163
    Afganistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri-Lanka